Nationally, the population identifying as Hispanic/Latino represents 18 percent (56 million people) of the U.S. population.[i] The Latino population in the U.S. grew 43 percent over the decade prior to 2010 and growth increasingly occurred in new communities. Overall population growth in the U.S. was just 10 percent over that time.[ii] Latinos are disproportionately affected by poverty, food insecurity, and unemployment. They are also more likely to receive emergency food assistance than their White, non-Hispanic peers and less likely to receive SNAP benefits.
Latinos are more than twice as likely to be food insecure as White, non-Hispanics.
Charitable Food Assistance
Latino households are disproportionately represented within the charitable food assistance client population. Latinos are nearly two times as likely to receive charitable food assistance as their White, non-Hispanic peers.
Income and Poverty
Latino households experience disproportionate levels of poverty and have lower household income than their White, non-Hispanic counterparts.
Latino households are less likely to receive SNAP benefits than White, non-Hispanic client households.
Nutrition and Obesity
Latinos are at greater risk of obesity and diabetes than their White, non-Hispanic peers. Diabetes and other chronic health conditions can further complicate the issue of food insecurity.
Prevalence of diagnosed diabetes is higher for Hispanics overall (8.7%) than for Whites (5.8%). Hispanic males are not only at greater risk of diabetes than White males (9.1% versus 6.3%), but also Hispanic females (8.4%) and White females (5.3%).[xiii]
[i] ACS Table B03002. (2016). Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race. 2015 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates.
[ii] The Hispanic Population: 2010. (2011). U.S. Census Bureau.
[iii] Coleman-Jensen, A., Rabbot, M., Gregory, C., & Singh, A. (2016). Food Security in the United States in 2015. Table 2. USDA ERS.
[iv] Coleman-Jensen, A., Rabbot, M., Gregory, C., & Singh, A. (2016). Food Security in the United States in 2015, Statistical Supplement. Table S-3. USDA ERS.
[v] Gundersen, C., A. Dewey, A. Crumbaugh, M. Kato & E. Engelhard. Map the Meal Gap 2017: A Report on County and Congressional District Food Insecurity and County Food Cost in the United States in 2015. Feeding America, 2017.
[vi] Feeding America, Hunger in America 2014, National Report. August 2014.
[vii] Feeding America, Hunger in America 2014, Analysis of restricted-use dataset by the Urban Institute. March 2015.
[viii] Proctor, B.D., Semega, J.L., & Kollar, M.A. (2016). Income and Poverty in the United States: 2015. U.S. Census Bureau.
[xi] Table A.21. Characteristics of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Households: Fiscal Year 2015. (2016). USDA FNS.
[xii] Table 29. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2012.
[xiii] Rates of Diagnosed Diabetes per 100 Civilian, Non-Institutionalized Population, by Hispanic Origin and Sex, United States. Diabetes Public Health Resource: 2014. CDC.