African Americans are disproportionately affected by poverty, food insecurity, and unemployment. They are also more likely to receive charitable food assistance than their Latino and white, non-Hispanic peers.
The Map the Meal Gap analyses demonstrate that unemployment is a major contributing factor to food insecurity. Unemployment is significantly higher among African Americans than among white, non-Hispanics.
African American households are more than twice as likely to be food insecure as white, non-Hispanic households. Counties with majority African American populations are disproportionately represented among the top 10 percent of counties with the highest rates of food insecurity.
Charitable Food Assistance
African American households are disproportionately represented within the charitable food assistance client population. African Americans are three times as likely to receive charitable food assistance through the Feeding America network as their Caucasian peers.
African American households experience disproportionate levels of poverty and have lower household income than their white, non-Hispanic counterparts.
[i] CPS Table 3. (2014). Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, and race. Household data annual averages. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
[ii] Coleman-Jensen, A., Rabbitt, M., Gregory, C., & Singh, A. (2016). Household Food Security in the United States in 2015, Table 2. USDA ERS.
[iii] Coleman-Jensen, A., Rabbitt, M., Gregory, C., & Singh, A. (2016). Household Food Security in the United States in 2015, Statistical Supplement Table S-3. USDA ERS.
[iv] Gundersen, C., A. Dewey, A. Crumbaugh, M. Kato & E. Engelhard. Map the Meal Gap 2016: Food Insecurity and Child Food Insecurity Estimates at the County Level. Feeding America, 2016.
[vi] Feeding America, Hunger in America 2014, National Report. August 2014.
[vii] US Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey (ACS) Table B03002.
[viii] Proctor, B.D., Semega, J.L., & Kollar, M.A. (2016). Income and Poverty in the United States: 2015. U.S. Census Bureau.